In the Unites States today, the latter now exceeds the former:
More Americans work for the government than work in construction, farming, fishing, forestry, manufacturing, mining and utilities combined. We have moved decisively from a nation of makers to a nation of takers. Nearly half of the $2.2 trillion cost of state and local governments is the $1 trillion-a-year tab for pay and benefits of state and local employees. (emphasis mine)Glenn Reynolds notes: "To a certain crowd, this isn't a bug, but a feature." Indeed.